for Ukrainian refugees
Eligibility criteria:
* persecuted in your country based on one or more of the following reasons: race, religion, nationality, political opinion, membership in a particular social group (e.g. being LGBTQ+)
* should file within 1 year of arriving in the US
Eligibility criteria:
* national or certain resident of Ukraine
* residing in the US since at least March 1, 2022
Temporary Protected Status
Eligibility criteria:
* outside the US
* persecuted based on race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion
* not resettled in another country

The process relies of UNHCR standards. No guarantee of admission to the US.
US Refugee Admission
Am I eligible?
You are eligible if you were persecuted in your country based on one or more of the following reasons: race, religion, nationality, political opinion, and/or membership in a particular social group. You may apply for asylum regardless of your immigration status or how you entered the US. You should file within 1 year of arriving in the US. If you do not file within 1 year, there may be exceptions and/or other forms of relief that apply to you.
How do I apply?
To apply for asylum, you must be on US territory. You then have to complete Form I-589, Application for Asylum and for Withholding of Removal and send it to United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
Can I apply if I am not in the US?
Unfortunately, you cannot apply for US asylum if you are not on US soil. There is no remote or online option to apply. Generally, US embassies and consulates do not consider individual requests for refugee status. If you are not able to come to the US consider other options such as applying for asylum in a different country or contacting UNHCR in another country.
If UNHCR refers your case to the US, you will be scheduled for an appointment with an intermediary organization known as a Refugee Support Center (RSC). It will handle your case going forward, including preparing you to meet with a US Refugee Officer.

The RSC will ask you numerous questions about why you left Ukraine and why you cannot return, similar to the questions asked by UNHCR. Try to have all the relevant names, dates, and facts clear in your head before your appointment with the RSC. Do your best to provide honest and accurate information.

Appointment with Resettlement Support Center (RSC)
Reach out to local UNHCR office and register:
* In Ukraine call: 0-800-307-711
* In Poland (also Polish gov hotline: +48477217575)
* In Moldova call: +373 22 271 853 or email: for UNHCR (also Moldovan gov hotline: 0-8000-1527)
* In Romania, also Romanian National Council for Refugees
* In Hungary
* In Slovakia
Find and Register with a UNHCR Office
UNHCR refers refugees to various countries for resettlement. There is no guarantee that UNHCR will refer you to the US, but they will consider factors such as family and other ties to the US.
Referral by UNHCR
RSC will schedule you for an interview with a US Refugee Officer.

The questions are similar to those of UNHCR or the RSC, but the US Refugee Officer will ask for greater detail about your situation. They will decide whether you are credible. Be careful not to contradict yourself between your appointments with the UNHCR and RSC and with US Refugee Officer, who will do their own factual and legal analysis, and background and security checks.

If the US approves your application for refugee status, the RSC will send you and your family for medical exams. The RSC will provide you with cultural integration education and arrange your travel to the US. You will also be referred to a nongovernmental organization in the US that will serve as your sponsor. You do not need to find a financial sponsor. The resettlement agency to which you are referred will send someone to meet you at the airport and help provide support during your first months in the US.
Upon arrival in the US, all refugees are met by someone from the resettlement agency. You will be taken to your initial housing, which has essential furnishings, appropriate food, and other basic necessities. You will receive employment authorization upon arrival and, if other criteria are met, eventually be eligible for lawful permanent residence.

Interview with
US Refugee Officer

Approval for US Refugee Status
Arrival in the US